ÉVORA Megalithic Almendres Cromlech

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ÉVORA Megalithic Almendres Cromlech

Evora Megalithic Tour

Unveil the secrets of the megalithic on a guided visit to prehistory in Alentejo: Almendres Cromlech, Almendres Menhir.

Évora, considered a World Heritage Site by UNESCO since 1986.

Here begins the preparation of your trip to this beautiful city in the heart of the Alentejo, the best way to visit this city is on foot, walking through narrow streets, white houses, to discover monuments such as the Roman Temple of Diana, built in the century II, the famous Chapel of Bones, Church of São Francisco, Évora


Itinerary
This is a typical itinerary for this product

Stop At: Centro Interpretativo dos Almendres, Rua do Cromeleque Near Nossa Senhora de Guadalupe a 15 Kms de Évora, Evora 7000-092 Portugal

Going on the Megalithic Tour in Evora, a visit to the megalithic monuments in this region, means to go back thousands of years in time. In Evora district there are more than 10 megalithic sites, making this fenomenal testimony of prehistory in Alentejo one of the most important in the Iberian Peninsula and Europe altogether.

These prehistoric monuments go back to the Neolithic period (5500-4500 BC). Their location in in the outskirts of Evora because this region is the only place where the river basins of the most important rivers in the south of Portugal come together: Tagus, Sado and Guadiana. So, the Alentejo plains were ideal for the last communities of hunter-gatherers humans to practise their way of living.

Duration: 1 hour

Stop At: Cromeleque dos Almendres, Nossa Senhora de Guadalupe, Evora Portugal

We come across Almendres Menhir close to Almendres Cromlech, since they are intimately connected. Seen from the cromlech, the menhir indicates the sunrise in the summer solstice (the longest day of the year).

It has the shape of an elongated egg and has a crosier (staff) engraved in the top part. This form represents the importance of nature in the Neolithic, especially in what the domestication of animals is concerned.

Duration: 1 hour

Stop At: Evora Inn, R. da República 11, 7000-841 Évora, Portugal

Évora

Towns and Villages

Topped by an imposing cathedral, Évora is laid out over a gently sloping hill rising out of the huge Alentejo plain. It guards its historic centre with a vast outer wall and represents a valuable cultural legacy that UNESCO has classified World Heritage.

The city, with its narrow streets of Moorish origin contrasting with squares where the light floods in, holds two millennia of hsitory. Conquered in 59 B.C. by the Romans, they named it "Liberalitas Julia". In this period, Évora gained great importance as can be witnessed from the remains of that time: the ruins of a fine temple dated towards the end of the second century, various parts of the wall and the gateway more recently called Dona Isabel in addition to the remains of thermal baths below what is now the Municipal Council building.

Little remains of the Visigoth period (5th - 8th centuries). There then followed the Moorish period begun with the city's conquest by Tárique. This lasted through to Christian reconquest in the 12th century. Yeborah, as it became known, had already received an indelible Moorish influence, most clearly seen in the Mouraria neighbourhood.

After the Reconquest, in addition to between the inner and outer walls, urban development moved beyond the city's walls. The city was home to the court of various Portuguese kings of the first and second dynasties. During this period it was endowed with various palaces and monuments, particularly during the reigns of kings João II and Manuel (15th and 16th centuries).

Wander its streets and absorb the secret soul that a diverse range of cultural influences has laid down in this city of the World. There are also excellent restaurants and bars, esplanades, arts and handicraft stores and the youthful nature of those attending its university all adding up to a dynamic of the present with its roots very firmly in the past.

Duration: 1 hour

Stop At: Templo Romano de Evora (Templo de Diana), Largo do Conde de Vila Flor 4 Centro Histórico, Evora 7000-804 Portugal

Templo romano de Évora

Archaeology

The Roman Temple, over 2000 years old, is the ex-libris monument of Évora and is one of the most important historic ruins in the country.

The Roman temple in Évora was built in the first century, during the time of Caesar Augustus. It has a long history, serving as testimony to many transformations and different uses over the centuries. It was practically destroyed when the Barbarians occupied the Iberian peninsular in the fifth century, and served as a bank vault and butcher’s to Evora castle in the 14th century.

Its original Roman design was only recovered in the 19th century, in one of the first archaeological interventions in Portugal. It is a testimony to the Roman forum of the city of Évora, consecrated to the Imperial cult, thus clarifying a 17th-century tradition that claimed that the temple had been consecrated to the goddess Diana. For this reason, it was identified for many years as the Temple of Diana. Recent excavations have shown that it was surrounded by a portico and water mirror.


Duration: 30 minutes

Stop At: Cathedral of Evora (Se Catedral de Evora), Largo do Marques de Marialva Centro Histórico, Evora 7000-809 Portugal

From Évora's Cathedral to Largo das Portas de Moura

Other

Turning the apse of the Sé, head down the Freiria de Cima street looking for the porches and twinned windows that ornament some of the houses.

Continuing along the streets of Cenáculo and Freiria de Baixo, you come across S. Manços street where there is the House of Garcia de Resende (who was royal secretary, poet and writer). The house boasts three beautiful twinned Manueline windows decorated with small columns and Moorish style points.

Further along, in the Portas de Moura square, in addition to the Mudéjar - Manueline veranda of the Cordovil house, the beautiful renaissance fountain draws all eyes.

The interesting angle of the Sé can be particularly effectively discerned from this spot.

Close by there is the former University of the Holy Spirit founded in 1559 by Cardinal Henrique for the College of the Company of Jesus.


Duration: 30 minutes

Stop At: Capela dos Ossos, Praca 1 de Maio, Evora 7000-650 Portugal

Bones Chapel in Evora – History
The chapel was built in the 17th century on the initiative of three Franciscan friars. Their goal: to convey the message of temporariness and fragility of human life. This message clearly comes across to visitors of Bones Chapel right at its entrance through the sign “We bones that are here, for yours we wait”. In fact, it shows Baroque’s men macabre taste for necrophilia.

Duration: 30 minutes

Stop At: Igreja De Sao Francisco, Praca 1 de Maio, Evora 7000-650 Portugal

Igreja de São Francisco / Capela dos Ossos - Évora

Monuments

Church of São Francisco - Évora

One of the striking features of the façade is a church porch with arches of different styles - a typical example of the "marriage" between Gothic and Moorish style found in so many monuments of this region in Portugal. Over the Manueline doorway we can see the emblems of the kings that commissioned its construction - D. João II and D. Manuel I - whose emblems were the pelican and armillary sphere respectively.

One particularity of the Church is that it has a single nave, terminating in a ribbed vaulted ceiling, that has the largest span of all Portuguese Gothic architecture. On the sides we can see twelve chapels, all covered in Baroque carved woodwork. The main chapel, dating from the early 16th century, still maintains important Renaissance features such as the pulpits. It's well worth noting the harmonious decoration of stone, carved woodwork and azulejo tiles in the chapel of the third order, on one of the arms of the transept.

Inside, visitors can see the strange Bones Chapel, built during the Filippine period (17th-century). The pillars and walls are completely covered by bones. It's also worth noting the late Renaissance doorway where the capitals of the columns seem to be decorated in a different manner according to whether one is looking from the exterior or interior.

Duration: 1 hour



Informacion Adicional
"Not wheelchair accessible"
"Near public transportation"
"Infant seats available"
"No heart problems or other serious medical conditions"
"Most travelers can participate"
"This is a private tour/activity. Only your group will participate"
"Confirmation will be received at time of booking"



Horário de Início: 09:00 AM
Duração: 8 To 9 Hours
Ponto de partida: Traveler pickup is offered
The departure starts at your hotel, accommodation, airport, station or seaport in Lisbon District

Airports

  • Lisboa Airport, Alameda das Comunidades Portuguesas, Lisbon 1700-111 Portugal


Ports

  • Lisbon Cruise Port - Jardim do Tabaco Quay, Doca Jardim do Tabaco Terminal de Cruzeiros de Lisboa, Av. Infante Dom Henrique, 1100-651 Lisboa, Portugal


Cancelamentos e reembolsos: For a full refund, cancel at least 24 hours in advance of the start time of the experience.

Incluído

  • Bottled water
  • Air-conditioned vehicle
  • WiFi on board
  • Private transportation

Não Incluído

  • TICKETS NOT INCLUDED

Instalações


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